BIRTH CONTROL METHODS

Did you know 3 out of every 10 girls become pregnant before the age of 20? Yup, a study by the American Academy of Pediatrics (AAP) reveals a yearly count of 750,000 teen pregnancies. We think it’s time we drop some birth control knowledge on y’all.

First of all, what kind of birth control are teens currently using? According to the same study, 52% of teen girls and boys report using a condom the last time they had sex and 31% report oral contraceptives (the pill) as their birth control method of choice. That leaves a small percentage for other options like long-acting reversible contraception (IUDs and implants), which the AAP recommends for teens as of 2014.

So, let’s talk basics. There are 18 FDA-approved methods of birth control. This includes male condoms, three forms of oral contraception, and three forms of sterilization (a one-time permanent procedure). That leaves us with 11 government-approved methods of birth control.

 

1. Implantable Rod

Less than 1% chance of getting pregnant
Inserted by health care provider
Lasts up to 3 years
Dr. Cullins: “The birth control implant is a thin, flexible plastic implant about the size of a cardboard matchstick. [It] is inserted under the skin of the upper arm; insertion takes only a few minutes. The implant is effective for three years after it is inserted. The implant can be removed at any time. Your health care provider will numb the area with a painkiller and will usually make one small cut to remove the implant. Removal usually takes just a few minutes, but it generally takes longer than insertion. A new implant may be inserted at this time. Pregnancy can happen any time after the implant is removed.”

2. Copper IUD

Less than 1% chance of getting pregnant
Inserted by health care provider
Lasts up to 10 years
Dr. Cullins: “Copper containing IUDs (intrauterine devices) are small, ‘T-shaped’ devices made of flexible plastic. The IUD is inserted into the uterus through the cervix using special instruments. It is common for women to feel some cramping when the IUD is inserted. When the IUD is in place, a string will hang down into the vagina, but it will not hang outside of the vagina. It will be about 1 to 2 inches long and it should not be noticed or felt by you or your partner.

 

3. Hormonal IUD

Less than 1% chance of getting pregnant
Inserted by health care provider
Lasts 3-5 years depending on the type.
Dr. Cullins: “The hormonal IUD releases a small amount of progestin. There are two brands. Mirena is effective for five years. Skyla is slightly smaller and effective for three years. Progestin also prevents pregnancy by thickening a woman’s cervical mucus. The mucus blocks sperm and keeps it from joining with an egg. It is inserted in a similar manner to the copper IUD.”

4. Birth Control Shot

Up to 6% chance of getting pregnant
Shot administered by health care provider every 3 months
Dr. Cullins: “The birth control shot is an injection of a hormone that prevents pregnancy. The shot is also known by the brand name Depo-Provera, or by the name of the medicine in the shot, DMPA which stands for depo-medroxyprogesterone acetate. Like other methods of birth control, the birth control shot releases a hormone — a progestin (a synthetic or man-made progesterone) — into the body. You’ll need to get a prescription. Visit a Planned Parenthood health center, a clinic, or a private health care provider for a prescription for the shot. The health care provider will then give you an injection. Each shot prevents pregnancy for three months.”
5. Birth Control Patch

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Up to 9% chance of getting pregnant
Put it on once a week for three weeks (no patch during fourth week)
Dr. Cullins: “The birth control patch is a thin, beige, plastic patch that sticks to the skin. The hormones in the patch are the same hormones as in the birth control pill — estrogen and progestin. You’ll stick one new patch on the skin of your buttocks, stomach, upper outer arm, or back once a week for three weeks in a row. You won’t put on a patch for the fourth week.”

6. Vaginal Contraceptive Ring (NuvaRing)

Up to 9% chance of getting pregnant
Insert ring once a month, keeping it in for three weeks (remove for fourth week)
Dr. Cullins: “The vaginal ring is a small, flexible ring a woman inserts into her vagina once a month to prevent pregnancy. The hormones in NuvaRing are the same hormones as in the birth control pill. Most women find that NuvaRing is very easy to use. Insert one new ring into your vagina and keep it in place for three weeks in a row. Then remove it for one week — three weeks in, one week out. Insert a new ring after one week out.”

7. Diaphragm with Spermicide

Up to 12% chance of getting pregnant
Must insert every time you have sex
Dr. Cullins: “Diaphragms are small, shallow, dome-shaped cups. Diaphragms available in the United States are made of silicone. When a diaphragm is in place in the vagina, it covers the cervix. In order to be as effective as possible, the diaphragm must be used with spermicidal gel. The diaphragm blocks the opening to the uterus and the spermicidal gel stops sperm from moving. With a little practice, the diaphragm is easy to use. Your health care provider will show you how to insert and remove your diaphragm and will then watch you insert and remove it. Practice inserting and removing it at home, too.”

8. Birth Control Sponge with Spermicide

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Up to 24% chance of getting pregnant
Must insert every time you have sex (instructions here) Dr. Cullins: “The sponge is made of plastic foam and contains spermicide. It is soft, round, and about 2 inches in diameter. It is inserted deep into the vagina before intercourse. The Today Sponge is the only brand of contraceptive sponge available in the United States today.”
9. Cervical Cap with Spermicide

Up to 29% chance of getting pregnant
Must insert every time you have sex (instructions here)
Dr. Cullins: “The cervical cap is a silicone cup shaped like a sailor’s hat. You insert it into your vagina and over your cervix. FemCap is the only brand of cervical cap available in the United States today. The cervical cap blocks the opening to the uterus and the spermicide stops sperm from moving.”

10. Female Condom

Up to 21% chance of getting pregnant (versus a 18% risk when using male condoms)
Must use every time you have sex (instructions here)
Dr. Cullins: “The female condom is a pouch that is used during intercourse to prevent pregnancy and reduce the risk of sexually transmitted diseases. Just before vaginal intercourse, it is inserted deep into the vagina. The ring at the closed end holds the pouch in the vagina. During anal intercourse, it is inserted into the anus of the man or woman. Female condoms work to prevent pregnancy by covering the inside of the vagina. They collect pre-cum and semen when a man ejaculates.

By covering the inside of the vagina or anus and keeping semen and pre-cum out, condoms reduce the risk of sexually transmitted infections.”

11. Spermicide Alone

Up to 29% chance of getting pregnant
Must use every time you have sex (need to reapply each time)
Dr. Cullins: “Spermicides are available in different forms, including creams, film, foams, gels, and suppositories. Spermicide can be used alone, or it can be used with other birth control methods to make them more effective. Spermicidal gel is always used with the diaphragm and cervical cap. For many types of contraceptive creams, film, foams, gels, and suppositories, you need to wait 10 minutes after you insert the spermicide before you can have intercourse. These methods typically remain effective for only one hour after insertion. You need to insert more spermicide each time you have vaginal intercourse.”

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AWKWARD RIGHT….Well Promise inspired me!

Rita 👑XOXO

Leave a comment on your questions and which one you think is the best💋

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